Majority of Animal welfare groups and humane societies agree that Castration/Neuter is the best method for population control of Dogs. However, for Pet dogs conscious decision has to be made by pet owner by verifying all goods and bads of the procedure. Apart from population control Castration have another beneficial effect in male dogs that includes more docile behavior, reduced risk of perianal adenomas, perianal hernia, prostatitis etc. but there are few health issue too. Here in this article, we will give an insight to this procedure.
What are methods of Castration/Neuter/Sterilization in dogs?
There are two basic methods of male dog castration
- Non-surgical/Chemical method
- Surgically removal of both testicles.
The non-surgical method includes injection of hormones like GnRH, Chlorhexidine digluconate, glycerol, zinc gluconate. Some people who do not want their dog testicles removed prefer this method. A most popular method in this is injecting Zinc gluconate in the scrotum. However Non-surgical methods are sometimes not very effective, there can be an ulcer or inflammatory reactions. This method does not have any effect on dog behavior because testosterone level remains normal.
Surgical Castration: This includes removal of both testicles. These methods have few beneficial effects. Majority of pet owners opt for this method due to its effect on dog behavior. Removal of testicles bring down testosterone level and have more docile and socializing effect on the dog. Dog become docile and more socialized.
There are two ways of testicle removal.
- Most surgeons prefer prescrotal incision because it gives quick recovery and minimum inflammation.
- Few surgeon prefers to take incision on scrotum to remove testicles.
What is a minimum age of castration/sterilization?
There is very less experimental data about what should be the minimum age of castration but most humane societies and animal birth control organizations agree that dog above 5 months of age is suitable for castrations. Usually, 5month – 9 month age is ideal for castration. However, no significant advantage appears with early age castration.
What are beneficial after effects of castration?
Firstly most important advantage is birth control. Other advantages are behavior change, the dog becomes more docile with a decrease in testosterone level, decrease in libido reduce chances of the dog getting injured while chasing females dogs, medically castrated dogs are less prone to prostatitis, perianal hernia, perianal adenomas.
What are harmful after effect of Castration?
Every procedure has its Pros and Cons. Biggest harmful after effect of castration is Obesity. The dog tends to gain weight which can lead to obesity-related diseases like Diabetes, increased risk of hypothyroidism, prostrate cancers, hip dysplasia.
Written By: Dr. AMISH JAIN (BVSc & A.H.)