Today we are going to discuss an emergency condition in female dogs. Pyometra ! i.e. pus in the uterus.
23-24% of intact bitches get this problem by the age of 8 years.
Here are some most commonly asked questions and their appropriate answers. In this article, we tried to cover all common problems and tried to explain the solutions in short. So let’s get started without wasting any time.
What is pyometra?
It is basically hyperplasia (thickening ) of the uterus and fallopian tubes ( female reproductive organ). Uterus and its horns get swollen and get filled with pus. Mostly bacterial infection is also associated with it.
What is the cause of Pyometra?
Some researchers believe that this condition is due to an imbalance of reproductive hormones in the intact female dog. Most significant of this hormone is Progesterone. It causes hyperplasia in reproductive organs and predisposes it to bacterial infection.
How serious can this condition get?
It is very serious condition over extended fallopian tube can rupture and cause septicemia if left untreated this can be lethal. This condition can really be very painful for your pet. Here at RKCI, we have successfully removed female reproductive organ weighing 5kg.
What are signs of Pyometra?
Frequent urination, prolonged vomiting, vaginal discharge (in open pyometra), lethargy, fever may or may not be present.
There are two forms of Pyometra Open: in which cervix is open and discharge is present from the vagina, and Closed: where the cervix is closed with no discharge.
If you find other symptoms in intact bitches of more than 5 years age like vomiting and frequent urination immediately talk to your vet even if discharge from the vagina is not present.
How to diagnose?
The best method for diagnosis is Ultrasonography. It gives a clear picture of severeness of the condition. Along with it Kidney function test and Liver function test should be done because these organs get affected in most of the pyometra cases. Treatment should be started once all the parameters of disease is known.
How is this condition treated?
The best method is to surgically remove whole reproductive organ of female i.e. fallopian tubes with ovaries which we call ovariohysterectomy. But if dog health doesn’t allow surgery or female is needed for reproduction then other options can be tried like Hormonal therapy with regular douching.
Hormonal therapy with douching has shown some promising result in initial stages of open pyometra. But if it does not work surgery is imperative.